PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES FOR MOBILE APP DEVELOPMENT
The role of the mobile applications in the modern world of business cannot be underestimated. According to a survey conducted by dscout in 2016, “smartphone users touch their phones 2,617 times each day, and spend an average of 145 daily minutes on their mobile phones”, as stated by Buildfire. Besides, as mobile marketing continues to dominate the digital marketing practices, many companies are intensively capitalizing on the latest mobile technology in the current decade – mobile apps, to create brand awareness and acquire new customers.
Nowadays, thousands of new mobile apps are added to Google Play and App Store, with thousands of downloads by users within seconds. The mobile app development process typically includes idea, strategy, design, development, deployment, and post-launch phases. Today we will have a closer look at the development phase in general, but at the programming languages in particular. Software and mobile app development is a vigorous field where different programming languages and frameworks are introduced and practiced. The programming language chosen by developers can be one of the most important aspects and should also be one of the first steps taken.
It is time to select a programming language for your mobile app development process, keeping in mind your business strategy to make either native, hybrid, or cross-platform mobile apps. There are several programming languages to choose from. One of the easiest ways is to select the most popular language. Today we will have a look at Python, Java and C++.
Python is an object-oriented and high-level programming language with combined dynamic semantics mainly for web and mobile app development. Python is used in a wide variety of application domains as it can easily be connected with C, Objective-C, Java, or FORTRAN. It runs on all major operating systems, like Windows, Linux/Unix, OS/2, Mac, Amiga, etc. It offers dynamic typing and dynamic binding option so it is highly attractive in the field of mobile application development. In comparison to other programming languages, Python is easier to learn, highly readable, and simple to implement as it has a clean syntax which requires less coding. It focuses on the business logic rather than basic facts of the language. Python helps developers in reading and translating code much easier than any others languages and it also reduces the cost of program maintenance and web & app development. With the help of Python, we can create any type of mobile applications, like Calibre, OpenStack, Ubuntu Software Center, World of Tanks, Quora, BitTorrent, Reddit, Spotify, YouTube, Instagram, and others.
Mobile application development has become one of the major sectors because of its expanding scope in the world of business. The cross-platform Python framework works for Android, Windows 7, Linux, and Mac. It is a great tool for writing simple scripts and complex multi-threaded mobile applications. The interesting thing about Android having Python in it is the chance to use limitless lines of code already written and available for free. Web and App Developers for iPhone and Android apps use a number of cross-platform app development techniques to provide their customer a great mobile application, according to DZone.
This is the most appropriate programming language when it comes to building mobile applications for Android and Windows- and, mainly for low-level programming, it’s still the go-to language on platforms for mobile app developers. Probytes.net states that regarding mobile apps, C++ has been doing unusually well since it helps to develop cross-platform mobile apps easily with its consolidating debugging experience and powerful environment. It can be used to design and build amazing apps for Android, Windows, and iOS. DZone highlights, as a powerful programming language, C++ allows mobile apps to be developed for practically every purpose on every platform that exists. It might not be super chic or trendy, but it dominated the programming world even before the smartphone revolution.
You can build native C++ apps for iOS, Android and Windows devices, and share common code in libraries built for iOS, Android, and Windows, by using Visual C++ for cross-platform mobile development. Development using Visual C++ for cross-platform mobile development has several advantages, as stated in Docs. Microsoft.com:
Easy installation. The Visual Studio installer acquires and installs the required third-party tools and SDKs you need to build apps or libraries for Android and iOS. Configuration and setup is simple and mostly automatic.
A powerful and familiar build environment. Create sharable cross-platform solutions and projects easily with Visual Studio templates. Manage properties for all projects using one common interface. Edit all your code in the Visual Studio editor, and take advantage of the built-in cross-platform IntelliSense for code completion and error highlighting.
A unified debugging experience. Use the world-class debugging tools in Visual Studio to watch and step through C++ code on all platforms, including Android devices and emulators, iOS simulators and devices, and Windows or Windows Phone devices and emulators.
Java programming language is one of the most preferred languages when it comes to Android app development. An object-oriented programming language developed at Sun Microsystems (now owned by Oracle), Java can be run in two different ways: either in a browser window, or in a virtual machine that can do without a browser.
This flexibility tends to mean a lot when it comes to re-using code and updating software. Although Java does not have much to do if you are considering iOS development, it certainly can be on your chosen list when it comes to mobile applications across platforms, i.e. cross-platform apps.
The main advantages of Java for mobile app development have been highlighted by GeoViz. Java has a high emphasis on security because both the platform and the programming language were developed from the day one with the matter of security as the priority. The platform allows users to obtain the codes from the Internet and later run them on Java without infecting the host system with any threats, including virus or malwares. In addition, you are not able to write files from the disk drive on Java, making it extremely protected for use in mobile application development. Java can be kept up limited permission thus will not hurt your computer system. Through the different audits carried out by security experts Java has actually been inspected and its security is guaranteed.
It make app development simple in that developers can compose the mobile application once in Java platform and run it in any other platform that supports Java. Recently Java is being integrated in almost all operating systems and popular web browser making it offered for use by many computer systems on the planet. It is further being incorporated in consumer electronics, such as mobile phone, TV, Personal digital assistants (PDAs) and set-top boxes. For that reason mobile applications developed in Java can be made use of with various electronic devices.
Java is developed to be network centred. The developers developed it in such a way that user can work with resources throughout the different networks. These features make it possible to produce network-based applications using client server architecture from Java.
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